to the 16th Edition IEE Regulations

chapter 5

chapter 6

  5.1 - The earthing principle 5.6 - Protective multiple earthing (PME)
  5.2 - Earthing Systems 5.7 - Earthed concentric wiring
  5.3 - Earth fault loop impedance 5.8 - Other protection methods
5.4 - Protective conductors 5.9 - Residual current devices (RCDs)
5.5 - Earth electrodes

5.10 - Combined functional and protective

5.1.2 - The advantages of earthing

The practice of earthing is widespread, but not all countries in the world use it.

There is certainly a high cost involved, so there must be some advantages. In fact
there are two. They are:

1. - The whole electrical system is tied to the potential of the general mass of earth and cannot 'float' at another potential. For example, we can be fairly certain that the neutral of our supply is at, or near, zero volts (earth potential) and that the phase conductors of our standard supply differ from earth by 240 volts.

2. - By connecting earth to metalwork not intended to carry current (an extraneous conductive part or a an exposed conductive part) by using a protective conductor, a path is provided for fault current which can be detected and, if necessary, broken. The path for this fault current is shown in {Fig 5.2}.

Fig 5.2 Path for earth fault current (shown by arrows)



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Extracted from The Electricians Guide Fifth Edition
by John Whitfield
Published by EPA Press Click Here to order your Copy

Click here for list of abbreviations