The Latest TLC Catalogue
September / October issue 354
Painted by Ivan Berryman
Windsor Castle is the oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world and has been the family home of British kings and queens for almost 1,000 years.
- It is an official residence of Her Majesty The Queen and is still very much a working royal palace today, home to around 150 people.
- The castle is used regularly for ceremonial and state occasions, including state visits from overseas monarchs and presidents.
- Some of the greatest treasures in the Royal Collection can be seen in the Castles magnificent State Apartments.
- The Royal Archives, the Royal Photograph Collection, the Print Room and the Royal Library are all based here.
- Windsor Castle is also home to St Georges Chapel, the spiritual home of the Order of the Garter the oldest order of chivalry in the world, founded by Edward III in 1348.
Today, the Order consists of The Queen, The Prince of Wales and 24 Knight Companions.
- The Queen spends most of her private weekends at Windsor Castle and takes up official residence for a month in the spring for Easter Court, and for a week each June, when she attends Royal Ascot and the service of the Order of the Garter.
- The castle was built on a small hill alongside river Thames, a location that was previously used by both Celts and Romans who reinforced that area with forts and hill forts.
- The original Windsor castle (one of nine castles that were created around London) was built in 11th century as a simple mote and baley castle, created predominately from wood.
- Henry I became attached to this castle, intending for it to become royal house for the English crown. This started the age of gradual reconstruction of the castle from its simple design to the magnificent form it now possesses.