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Socket / Plug - Wiring - Theory & General Netwoking Information


Patch Cables

Straight-Through or Cross-Over

In general, the patch cords that you use with your Ethernet connections are "straight-through", which means that pin 1 of the plug on one end is connected to pin 1 of the plug on the other end.

Crossover cables are "crossed" end to end data cables aren't.

If you have a network hub that has an uplink port on it then you do not need to make (or purchase a cross-over cable). Just switch the port on the hub to the 'uplink' mode.

If your hub does not have an 'uplink' port on it then the only way to cascade another hub or attach a cable modem is to use a crossover cable.


For small jobs involving a pair of computers, or home wiring between two computers will not normally require a hub and you can use a crossover cable.

When wiring your own crossover cable to connect two PCs together, simply change ONE end of an ordinary RJ45 patch lead to that shown in following diagram.

It helps for future reference to mark or attach a tag to the crossover cable so that you do not attempt to use it as a 'normal' patch lead at some time in the future


RJ-45 Connectors - Patch Cables for Category 5 Wire

REMEMBER:
To hold the RJ45 connector with the 'clip' on the bottom.
To have to the 'opening' (where you insert the cable) facing you.

258A
258B

258A
RJ45 Jack (Jack face shown)
258B
RJ45 Jack (Jack face shown)

Cross Over Patch Lead Pin to Pin Wiring
 
PIN
RJ45 - 258A
PIN
RJ45 - T568A (T568B)
 
1
white/green 1 white/orange
 
2
green 2 orange
 
3
white/orange 3 white/green
 
4
blue 4 blue
 
5
white/blue 5 white/blue
 
6
orange 6 green
 
7
white/brown 7 white/brown/
 
8
brown 8 brown

Cross Over Pin to Pin
 
  Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 6
Pin 7
Pin 8
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
Pin 3
Pin 6
Pin 1
Pin 4
Pin 5
Pin 2
Pin 7
Pin 8
xxxxxxxx
 
Pins 4, 5, 7 and 8 remain the same